Folk Carvings- Minzoku chokoku
This art form was developed in the last half of the seventeenth century, with artists and skilled engravers initially creating a great diversity of objects to satisfy the Japanese domestic market. In 1909 a detailed survey was conducted over a period of two years on products made of wood and bamboo manufactured in Japan. The preface to the report refers to changes in demand for iron and timber during the Meiji era (1862-1912). Experience gradually taught people the properties of many types of wood, and the methods of their use. The material used most frequently was cypress, secondly cedar, and most importantly bamboo, another wood known for its superior durability. Wood and bamboo continued thereafter to be the predominant materials used in the manufacture of architectural and utilitarian items.